11 Most Endangered Historic Places

Great Bowdoin Mill

Year Listed: 1998
Location: Topsham, Maine
Threat: Deterioration, Neglect

Significance

Clustered in a village-like setting on a scenic island in the Androscoggin River, this collection of brick and clapboard buildings is a symbol of the paper industry that dominated Maine's economy for decades and provided employment for thousands of area residents. Among the first in Maine to use wood pulp for paper production, the Great Bowdoin mill was successfully adapted to meet the changing needs of the paper industry for more than 120 years. But the once-bustling facility has been silent for years and its buildings had been battered by time, weather and the destructive acts of vandals. Without reinvestment, much of Topsham's rich past will be lost forever.