11 Most Endangered Historic Places

Ocmulgee Old Fields Traditional Cultural Property

Year Listed: 2003
Location: Ocmulgee, Georgia
Threat: Poor Public Policy, Road Construction

Ocmulgee
A funeral mound at Ocmulgee Old Fields, outside Macon, Ga.

Credit: National Parks Service

Significance

When members of the Muscogee Creek Nation were forcibly removed from their home at Ocmulgee Old Fields in the early 1800s, they left behind an invaluable record of their lives and culture. Embracing 12,000-year old Ice Age artifacts as well as embellished pottery and burial and ceremonial mounds from the Muscogee period, the Old Fields is among the nation's richest archaeological areas. These lands were named a National Monument in 1936, and most recently, were determined eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places as a "traditional cultural property." These are the first lands east of the Mississippi to be determined eligible to receive this classification. But now the Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) wants to construct a multi-lane highway bisecting the Old Fields area.