Response For Local Organizations And Main Streets
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In the event of a disaster, local preservation organizations have the opportunity to provide immense support to both the homeowners and agencies with whom they already interact. While the roles of state and local government agencies are sometimes prescribed in times of disaster, these preservation organizations have the ability to identify and fill those needs that are highly important but not being met by another actor due to limitations of capacity, mandate, or something as simple as distance.
While the greatest response tool local preservation organizations and Main Streets can have is a disaster plan, they may also be able to provide considerable support by improvising solutions that vary by disaster. This document is designed to help Main Streets and local preservation organizations understand how they can contribute to disaster response.
The most critical resources for this topic are marked below with a check.
- Preserving Historic Resources Impacted By Flooding (National Trust for Historic Preservation).
- Preparing To Preserve, An Action Plan to Integrate Historic Preservation into Tribal, State and Local Emergency Management Plans provides specific recommendations for improving the interface of preservation with disaster response mechanisms, from dealing with state agencies to developing local post-disaster permitting processes.
- Disaster Planning for Florida's Historic Resources is an excellent resource for understanding the layers of response that must occur post-disaster.
- Treatment of Flood-Damaged Older and Historic Buildings (National Trust For Historic Preservation) is a seminal 15-page guide on treating water damaged buildings.
- Coping With Water Damage (Heritage Preservation) is an informative video on how to re-enter flooded buildings and deal with damaged contents and collections.
- Brief Guide to Understanding Repairs to Historic Homes Damaged By Hurricane Katrina and Other Related Floods (Preservation Trades Network) provides information on caring for masonry foundations and roofing, enhancing ventilation, all while keeping preservation in mind.
- Mold Removal Guidelines For Your Flooded Home (LSU Ag Center)
- After The Flood: Rebuilding Communities Through Historic Preservation, a video produced by Georgia Public Broadcasting, talks about the state response mechanisms that acted to save historic resources after the historic 1996 floods in south Georgia.
Survey Assistance & Recovery Materials
After Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans in August of 2005, the National Trust worked closely with its partner organization there, The Preservation Resource Center (PRC), to provide assistance to homeowners and initiate rebuilding efforts. The Trust and PRC developed materials that volunteers and staff used during site visits to survey damaged buildings. In the wake of large-scale disasters, materials—such as these survey forms, completed versions of which were provided to homeowners—might prove useful to organizations engaged in survey work. Creating and maintaining electronic survey documents, and potentially tying them to GIS databases, is becoming an increasingly possible and useful tool. Learn more about the National Park Service's GIS and survey efforts here.
- Preservation Resource Center of New Orleans/NTHP Site Evaluation Form For New Orleans
- Preservation Resource Center of New Orleans/NTHP Site Evaluation Form For New Orleans (completed example)
- New Orleans Property Owner Guide
- New Orleans Property Owner Guide (completed example)
For Further Reading
- Rebuilding Historic Communities Through Historic Preservation (Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Historic Preservation Division [SHPO])
- Hurricane Hugo and Historic Charleston: Damage Recordation and Retrieval (American Society for Testing and Materials, 1996)