Fairbanks Flats Rowhomes in Beloit, Wisc.
Award Type: National Trust/HUD Award
Nestled in a quiet residential neighborhood on the shores of the Rock River in Beloit, Wisc., Fairbanks Flats was constructed in 1917 as company housing for African-American machinists, the only known example of segregated housing of its kind in the state. The complex's four identical buildings were designed to accommodate the growing ranks of workers migrating from the South to work at Fairbanks Morse Engine, Beloit's largest employer at the time. For decades, the housing complex was a community anchor, sheltering generations of residents and eventually forming the nucleus of a thriving African American community.
Through the years, changes in ownership and poor maintenance slowly led to the deterioration of the buildings. By 1999, the property stood vacant, and many believed that demolition was the best option. In 2006, however, Gorman & Company, Inc., a Wisconsin developer, launched an ambitious bid to renovate the buildings and provide quality, affordable townhouses for low- and moderate-income families and people with disabilities.
Throughout construction, Gorman & Company paid careful attention to the historic elements of the buildings. From the unique porch awnings to the colors of the facades, each design element was replicated to mirror the historic housing available to workers nearly a century ago. Interiors gleam with new finishes and mechanical systems, while exteriors look as they did when the buildings were new, more than 90 years ago.
"The restoration of Fairbanks Flats Rowhomes is an example of how preservation can restore vitality, hope and pride to a community," says Richard Moe, president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. "The sensitive renovation of the Rowhomes has brought new life to the historic complex and the community, and returned Fairbanks Flats to its historic role as high-quality affordable housing."
Along with Gorman & Company, Inc., co-recipients honored for the restoration of the Fairbanks Flats Rowhomes are: Fairbanks Flats Revitalization Committee; the City of Beloit; and the Wisconsin Housing & Economic Development Authority.