Federal Transportation Legislation
Transportation and preservation share a goal: creating better lives for Americans. Historically, ill-conceived road projects have damaged important parts of the nation's heritage. The devastation was most obvious after the highway building surge of the '50s and '60s when billions of dollars were invested into road systems that impacted rural landscapes and dissected traditional urban neighborhoods.
Since that time, Americans have learned that there are better ways to both develop necessary transportation infrastructure and preserve historic resources. The federal Department of Transportation Act of 1966 included Section 4(f), which forces planners to develop projects that protect or avoid historic resources, such as the French Quarter in New Orleans or Fort McHenry in Baltimore.
Surprisingly, Section 4(f) is periodically challenged through the transportation reauthorization process by proposals to weaken its protection. Most recently, Section 4(f) was threatened during the consideration of MAP-21, but preservationists prevailed and 4(f) remains intact. However, as attacks on 4(f) loom in future reauthorizations, preservationists need to be ready to once again make the case for its importance.
Individual case studies and other resources demonstrate the need for maintaining a strong Section 4(f) -- as well as more advanced transportation planning concepts and designs -- to keep community character and cultural resources intact.
In addition to protections, transportation policy provides communities with funding for projects that enhance the transportation experience through historic preservation. During the last 20 years, programs such as Transportation Enhancements have given communities the kind they of projects they want, such as bike paths, rails-to-trails conversions, and Main Street improvements. Historic neighborhoods and downtowns have also benefited from improved transit, making it easier to get to jobs, homes, shopping, and entertainment.