Chinatown (Los Angeles)

Los Angeles, California

Period of significance: 1938 - present

Opened in 1938, this was the nation?s first planned Chinatown. It is bordered by Cesar Chavez, Spring, Yale and Bernard Streets. In 1850, Los Angeles had only 2 Chinese residents, and by 1870, the tiny community grew to 172. The Union Station displaced the Chinese in Old Chinatown. Now the 400,000 Chinese American residents and recent Chinese immigrants from Southeast Asia look to New Chinatown as a cultural center. Notable buildings include the Hop Sing Tong headquarters, Phoenix Bakery, and Kwan Yin Temple. Satellite Chinatowns evolved. The largest one can be found 20 minutes away via freeway in Monterey Park, a post-1970 development and the subject of several scholarly books.