NATIONAL TRUST FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION ANNOUNCES 27TH ANNUAL LIST OF AMERICA’S 11 MOST ENDANGERED HISTORIC PLACES®

2014 List Includes the only Frank Lloyd Wright home in Florida, Richmond’s Shockoe Bottom, The Palisades in New Jersey, and two iconic Cincinnati buildings

The National Trust for Historic Preservation today unveiled its 2014 list of America’s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places®, an annual list that spotlights important examples of the nation’s architectural, cultural and natural heritage that are at risk of destruction or irreparable damage. More than 250 sites have been on the list over its 27-year history, and in that time, only a handful of listed sites have been lost.

The National Trust’s 27th annual list includes: Tallahassee’s Spring House, the only private home designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in the state of Florida that is now badly deteriorating; Shockoe Bottom in Richmond, Virginia, a major slave trading center in the 19th century that includes remnants of the jail in which Solomon Northup—from “12 Years a Slave”—was held; The serene vistas of the Palisades in New Jersey, threatened by a proposed office tower that would permanently mar its viewshed; and for the first time in the 27-year history of the list, two sites from the same city are included: Cincinnati’s iconic Art Deco Union Terminal, as well as Cincinnati’s impressive Music Hall. Both of these buildings are integral pieces of Cincinnati’s historic fabric, and need large-scale restorations to return to their original grandeur.

Also, for only the second time, the National Trust’s list includes a special Watch Status listing—the Federal Historic Tax Credit, perhaps the most effective policy tool to encourage historic preservation across the country, and which is currently threatened by proposals on Capitol Hill.

“For more than a quarter century, our list of America’s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places has called attention to threatened one-of-a-kind treasures throughout the nation and has galvanized local preservationists to help save them,” said Stephanie Meeks, president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. “From The Palisades in New Jersey to Historic Wintersburg in California, to two iconic buildings in Cincinnati, this year’s list reflects the diversity of America’s historic places, and the variety of threats they face. As it has over the past 27 years, we hope this year’s list inspires people to speak out for the important sites in their own communities that help to define our nation’s past – and enrich its future.”

Members of the public are invited to learn more about what they can do to support these 11 historic places and hundreds of other endangered sites at www.PreservationNation.org/places.

The 2014 list of America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places (in alphabetical order):

Battle Mountain Sanitarium –Hot Springs, South Dakota. Battle Mountain Sanitarium has provided medical care to veterans in the region for more than a century, and is one of the few properties owned by the Department of Veterans Affairs to be designated a National Historic Landmark. Today, the VA is moving forward with a proposal to abandon the facility.

Bay Harbor’s East Island – Miami-Dade County, Florida. Bay Harbor’s East Island’s collection of Miami Modern buildings are threatened with demolition by development proposals.

Chattanooga State Office Building – Chattanooga, Tennessee. The Chattanooga State Office Building, a midcentury landmark in the heart of downtown, is threatened with demolition by its new owner.

Frank Lloyd Wright’s Spring House – Tallahassee, Florida. Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and constructed in 1954, Spring House is the only built private residence designed by Wright in the state of Florida, and its novel “hemicycle” form of is one very few surviving homes that Wright designed in this style. Weather and the ravages of time have deteriorated the building.

Historic Wintersburg – Huntington Beach, California. Historic Wintersburg is a Japanese American pioneer property that tells the story of Japanese American immigrants in Southern California, and is now threatened by demolition.

Mokuaikaua Church – Kailua Village, Kona, Hawaii. Mokuaikaua Church, completed in 1837, is Hawaii’s first Christian Church and is at risk from both earthquake damage and natural wear and tear.

Music Hall – Cincinnati, Ohio. A National Historic Landmark, Music Hall has played a significant role in the cultural fabric of Cincinnati since it was built in 1878. Today, it is deteriorating and in need of extensive repairs.

The Palisades – Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. Several generations have cherished the scenic Palisades cliffs along the Hudson River. The LG Corporation plans to build an office tower along the cliffs in New Jersey, forever altering the landscape.

Palladium Building – St. Louis, Missouri. The Palladium Building housed a nightclub in the 1940s that—although restricted to a whites-only clientele—played a prominent role in the development of African American music.  The Palladium now faces an uncertain future because it is not protected by local or national historic designations.

Shockoe Bottom – Richmond, Virginia. Once a center of slave trade in America, Shockoe Bottom was home to Solomon Northup’s jail in "12 Years a Slave” and contains numerous underground artifacts. The site is threatened by potential development of a minor league baseball stadium.

Union Terminal – Cincinnati, Ohio. Union Terminal, an iconic symbol of Cincinnati and a world-class example of Art Deco architecture, is suffering from deterioration and is in need of extensive repairs.

Watch Status:
Federal Historic Tax Credit – Nationwide. The Federal Historic Tax Credit, a proven tool to encourage preservation across the country, is currently threatened by tax reform on Capitol Hill.

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America’s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places has identified more than 250 threatened one-of-a-kind historic treasures since 1988. Whether these sites are urban districts or rural landscapes, Native American landmarks or 20th-century sports arenas, entire communities or single buildings, the list spotlights historic places across America that are threatened by neglect, insufficient funds, inappropriate development or insensitive public policy. The designation has been a powerful tool for raising awareness and rallying resources to save endangered sites from every region of the country. At times, that attention has garnered public support to quickly rescue a treasured landmark; while in other instances, it has been the impetus of a long battle to save an important piece of our history. 

 

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The National Trust for Historic Preservation, a privately funded nonprofit organization, works to save America’s historic places.
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